Anxiety disorder is one among many mental disorders where a person suffering from it having an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. Counsellors is very effective in handling mental disorders. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Anxiety disorder can be brought about by a number of reasons such as drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. There are other causes of anxiety disorder which include genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. Diagnosis of anxiety disorder is done if symptoms such as a headache, sweating, hypertension, and muscle spasms among others have been observed for at least six months in an individual. Anxiety disorders should not cause alarm to patients as it can be countered by the online counselors.
The different types of anxiety disorder include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, a panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter is observed in individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder. Specific phobia is an anxiety disorder where fear and anxiety is always triggered by an encounter with a specific situation or stimulus which can range from animals or some fluids. Panic disorder is triggered by stress, fear or exercise causing abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes and can last for hours which leads to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. Social anxiety disorder is a condition where a person fears being in places where there are people as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation anxiety disorder is triggered by a person being separated from certain places as well as people. Selective mutism is a condition where an individual doesn’t speak in specific situation and people which can be related to social anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Some lifestyle and behavior change to control anxiety disorder include stopping drug and substance use, regularizing sleep as well as exercising. Cognitive behavioral therapy enhances development of personal coping strategies that improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Online counsellors who offer free or charged therapy services are also important in helping individuals suffering from anxiety therapy. It is also important to follow the directives of the counselors so as to manage anxiety disorder.